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Fig. 2 | Fertility Research and Practice

Fig. 2

From: ART implantation failure and miscarriage in patients with elevated intracellular cytokine ratios: response to immune support therapy

Fig. 2

Cytokine changes and pregnancy outcomes in the patient subset who received nutraceuticals. A cohort of patients (70/134) received a 10 week nutraceutical regime consisting of high dose omega 3, Vitamin D and Vitamin B6 followed by repeated cytokine analysis prior to ART with immunomodulatory intervention (prednisolone and intralipid infusions). This chart illustrates the breakdown of pre- treatment (control) and post- treatment (intervention) pregnancy outcomes for patients who achieved normalisation, improvement or no change in their CKR levels. Significance levels calculated using Chi Square (χ2), McNemar’s test (McN), and Odds Ratio (OR) for reduction in miscarriage following immunomodulation

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