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Table 1 Percentage distribution of women according to the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria by socio-demographic characteristics

From: Ethnic disparities in fertility and its determinants in Nigeria

Background Characteristics Hausa/Fulani Igbo Yoruba
Frequency % Frequency % Frequency %
Total 12,409 100.0 5557 100.0 5174 100.0
Age
 15–24 4743 38.2 2006 36.1 1790 34.6
 25–34 3978 32.1 1818 32.7 1697 32.8
 35–44 2513 20.3 1230 22.1 1245 24.1
 45–49 1175 9.5 503 9.1 442 8.5
Mean(σ) 28.5(9.7) 29.4(9.7) 29.5(9.6)
Residence
 Urban 3235 26.1 4081 73.4 4081 78.9
 Rural 9174 73.9 1477 26.6 1093 21.1
Education
 No education 9331 75.2 255 4.6 215 4.1
 Primary 1346 10.8 1056 19.0 947 18.3
 Secondary 1533 12.4 3271 58.9 3005 58.1
 Higher 199 1.6 975 17.5 1007 19.5
Religion
 Christian 94 0.8 5454 98.7 2933 56.8
 Islam 12,239 99.1 16 0.3 2187 42.4
 Others 18 0.1 56 1.0 42 0.8
Wealth Index
 Poor 8332 67.2 756 13.6 179 3.5
 Middle 1879 15.1 1159 20.9 559 10.8
 Rich 2198 17.7 3642 65.5 4436 85.7
Sex preference
 No 9026 72.7 3004 54.1 3404 65.8
 Yes 3383 27.3 2554 45.9 1771 34.2
Age at first birth
 Never had birth 2540 20.5 2304 41.4 1708 33.0
 < 18 5565 44.8 659 11.9 523 10.1
 18+ 4305 34.7 2595 46.7 2943 56.9
Median (range) 17(12–38) 21(12–43) 21(12–40)
Ever used any contraceptive method
 No 11,972 96.5 3515 63.3 2577 49.8
 Yes 438 3.5 2042 36.7 2597 50.2
Fertility Preference
 < 5 923 7.4 2128 38.3 3466 67.0
 5+ 11,487 92.6 3430 61.7 1708 33.0
Marital Status
 Never married 1342 10.8 2180 39.2 1629 31.5
 Ever married 11,068 89.2 3377 60.8 3545 68.5