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Table 2 Sperm “no retrieval” cycle demographics. Total patients = 719

From: Inability to obtain sperm for fresh IVF cycles: analysis and incidence of outcomes using a database from the United States

  Number of cycles with failure to obtain sperm  
Reporting year
 2014 173 24.1%
 2015 258 35.9%
 2016 288 40.1%
Clinic region
 Northeast 290 40.3%
 South 242 33.7%
 West 95 13.2%
 Midwest 92 12.8%
Race
 White 216 30.0%
 Black 70 9.7%
 Hispanic 28 3.9%
 Asian 55 7.6%
 Native American 1 0.1%
 Unknown 351 48.8%
Gravidity
 0 447 62.2%
 1 to 2 199 27.7%
 3+ 71 9.9%
 Unknown 2 0.3%
Prior fresh cycles
 0 504 70.1%
 1 to 2 178 24.8%
 3+ 37 5.1%
Reason for infertility (more than one is possible)
 Male infertility 537 74.7%
 Endometriosis 24 3.3%
 PCOS 64 8.9%
 Diminished ovarian reserve 143 19.9%
 Tubal issues 63 8.8%
 Uterine 39 5.4%
 Unexplained 32 4.5%
Complication
 No 712 99.0%
 Yes 7 1.0%
  Infection 1 0.1%
  Hyperstimulation 4 0.6%
  Other 3 0.4%
Sperm source
 Ejaculation 414 57.6%
 Testicular 251 34.9%
 Epidiymal 50 7.0%
 Retrograde ejaculation 1 0.1%
 Electro-ejaculation 1 0.1%
 Unknown 2 0.3%
Oocytes retrieved
 No 6 0.8%
 Yes 713 99.2%
Oocytes frozen
 No 92 12.8%
 Yes 627 87.2%